By Sreeram Chaulia
A extremely revered former District and Classes Choose and State Director of Prosecution of Odisha, Dukhishyam Chaulia, handed away on Might 22, 2021, in Angul from coronary heart stroke. He was 70-years-old and left behind an exemplary legacy of regulation and justice for the sake of marginalised sections of society.
A Product of the Grassroots
Choose Chaulia hailed from a distant rural village, Nilakanthapada, in Athmallik subdivision of Angul district in central Odisha. His mother and father, Mala Chaulia and Debarchan Chaulia, belonged to an agrarian farming group.
Born in 1951, Dukhishyam Chaulia grew up within the rural setting the place there have been no excessive colleges and only a few younger folks managed to get any training. However pushed by a imaginative and prescient to contribute to the uplift of the downtrodden, he determinedly pursued larger training regardless of monetary difficulties in his household and lack of any connections or steering from elites in cities. He obtained his BA Honours and MA levels in Political Science in addition to a BL (Bachelor of Regulation), and joined the Odisha Judicial Service (OJS) in 1981. He retired from the OJS in 2011.
A Landmark Choose
His three-decades-long profession as a decide set many milestones, delivering judgements in Kendrapara, Deogarh and Puri. Because the District Choose in Puri in 2011, he delivered a landmark judgement on a gang rape case by convicting the accused and likewise fining them. Usually, in such delicate legal circumstances, the police have a tendency to offer weak proof in opposition to the accused and the ladies undergo from double injustice. A lot relies on the integrity and imaginative and prescient of the decide to do the precise factor by awarding due punishment. Choose Chaulia did so on this case and is remembered to this present day in Puri as an upholder of the reality and better morality.
All through his profession on the authorized bench, Choose Chaulia had a repute of being an trustworthy and incorruptible determine who was identified for simplicity and authenticity. He by no means had any airs or conceitedness about being a senior decide and prosecutor who wielded energy over the lives of residents. His core perception was that he was a servant of the society and state, not a grasp over folks’s destinies or “an enjoyer” of the trimmings of excessive judicial workplaces.
Because of his noteworthy profession within the OJS, even after retirement, Chaulia was chosen as a decide beneath the District Authorized Companies Authority Act of 1987 and went on to preside over the Everlasting Lok Adalat for Public Utility Companies from 2012 to 2017. Throughout this part, he was the decide for Balangir and Sonepur districts and gave many pro-poor judgements that not even the Odisha Excessive Courtroom most popular to overturn upon attraction by the convicted.
For instance, there was a case involving 500 poor households, who had been excluded from the agricultural electrification scheme of the central authorities, often called the Deendayal Upadhyaya Gramin Jyoti Yojana, that’s meant to supply energy provide to households within the Beneath Poverty Line (BPL) class. In Saintala Block of Balangir district, the Tata company home was given the contract to attract the traces and WESCO, an electrical energy firm beneath the Odisha authorities, was to provide the electrical energy. The five hundred BPL households have been unnoticed of the scheme however the authorities authorities confirmed on paper that the work had been completed.
The affected 500 households approached the Everlasting Lok Adalat presided by Chaulia. After cautious consideration, he handed an order that the electrical energy connection to the homes of greater than 500 households must be accomplished inside 3 months. The 2 defendant events, Tata and Wesco, needed to obey the order and delivered the ability connections.
There was additionally a case involving 350 farmers of Titilagarh Block in Balangir district, who have been disadvantaged of their crop insurance coverage cash as a result of negligence of the Indian Abroad Financial institution, Titilagarh. The farmers had deposited their premium quantities in favour of insurance coverage firms like IFFCO, IIC Lombard and Nationwide Agricultural firm. This crop insurance coverage was meant for 2 classes of farmers — those that had taken loans from the financial institution and those that had not taken loans. The plaintiffs on this case have been non-loanees and accordingly deposited larger quantity of premium within the IOB department. However for some unknown motive, the financial institution categorised their insurance coverage beneath the loanee class. When the plaintiffs suffered crop loss in the course of the 2011 Kharif season, the insurance coverage firms didn’t give what was attributable to these 350 farmers beneath the non-loanee class. The aggrieved farmers approached Chaulia’s courtroom in 2013. His Lok Adalat handed an in depth ex parte order stating that the financial institution needed to pay the insurance coverage quantity to the farmers with 12 p.c curiosity. Difficult the order, the financial institution went to the Odisha Excessive Courtroom on a writ petition. The Excessive Courtroom dismissed the plea of the financial institution and the order of Lok Adalat remained intact. The financial institution finally needed to pay the insurance coverage quantities to these 350 farmers.
Defender of Social Justice
Choose Chaulia all the time believed within the pressure of regulation to carry good in society and in writing meticulously argued judgements which have logic and reasoning. He used to say that “if I’ve given a judgement, it must be so highly effective and legally compelling that neither the Excessive Courtroom nor the Supreme Courtroom ought to have the ability to overrule it.”
Since his sudden loss of life, many legal professionals and fellow judges, in addition to unusual residents throughout Odisha who benefited from his upright judgements, have conveyed condolences and disappointment to Chaulia’s household. Chaulia by no means married or had any kids and remained deeply rooted and linked to his native village of Nilakanthapada till he breathed his final.
An unassuming persona who was soft-spoken and reputed for modesty and humility, he by no means sought publicity, limelight or fame. Nor was he affiliated with any political celebration or company curiosity group. His life journey from the grassroots to the senior ranks of Odisha’s justice system was marked by a single objective — doing most good to the weaker sections of society and the soil of Odisha from which he himself had arisen.