BHUBANESWAR: Odisha is dwelling to lots of of fragrant rice varieties that are on the verge of extinction. To revive the fragrant small grain rice types of the state, rice scientist and honorary professor in plant breeding and genetics on the Orissa College of Agriculture and Know-how (OUAT), S R Das has began a undertaking to gather the seed of those indigenous rice varieties and promote its cultivation amongst farmers.
“Odisha produces fragrant rice just like the well-known Basmati rice and have qualities like nice perfume with small and spherical grains, white color and softness with out a lot elongation on cooking. Sadly, attributable to lack of systematic effort for the gathering, analysis and genetic enchancment of those much-valued quick grained scented rices of the state, these varieties are slowly disappearing,” mentioned Das, who collected seeds of those varieties from throughout the state and began a undertaking of cultivating and gathering seeds for farmers in a small patch of land.
These indigenous scented rices primarily Kalajeera, Neelabati, Krushnabhog, Govindabhog, Padmakeshari, Tulasiphoola are predominant in coastal belts, whereas a number of variety of conventional scented varieties like Pimpudibasa, Jubaraj, Karpurakranti, Badsabhog, Kalikati, Laxmibilas and Makarakanda are widespread within the plateau areas of the state.
“The scented rice varieties can provide extra yield and extra revenue to the farmers however attributable to poor advertising and marketing services there may be misery in sale of rice. Many of those varieties like Kalajeera will be grown in nearly all of the 30 districts of Odisha. Equally Jubaraj selection is great conventional rice with exhausting gel consistency and highest kernel development, Kalabati may be very wealthy in anti-oxydant and might scale back stress. If the federal government helps to arrange Aroma Village and create seed banks for farmers then it will assist the agrarian economic system in a good way,” Das identified.
Historically, the quick grain fragrant rices are grown with farm yard manure (FYM) and hardly any fertilizer is used attributable to their tall peak, weak straw and lodging behavior. “Contemplating the decrease response of nitrogen it’s instructed to develop these indigenous fragrant rices organically which might fetch extra value with much less value and thus improve the revenue margins of small and marginal farmers,” he identified.
Agriculture scientist S R Das, who has developed 52 mega rice varieties, and varieties developed by him are cultivated in 70 per cent of rice fields of Odisha whereas Pratikshya, one in all his widespread excessive yield rice selection is broadly cultivated by farmers in West Bengal and Chhattisgarh.
Das, who retired as professor in plant breeding and genetics from OUAT in 2011, is presently working as an honorary professor within the college. He additionally labored as visiting analysis fellow in Worldwide Rice Analysis Institute, Manila, Philippines.