“Odisha produces fragrant rice just like the well-known Basmati rice and have qualities like nice perfume with small and spherical grains, white color and softness with out a lot elongation on cooking. Sadly as a consequence of lack of systematic effort for the gathering, analysis and genetic enchancment of those much-valued quick grained scented rices of the state, these varieties are slowly began disappearing,” stated Das, who collected seeds of those varieties from throughout the state and began a venture of cultivating and accumulating seeds for farmers in a small patch of land.
These indigenous scented rices primarily Kalajeera, Neelabati, Krushnabhog, Govindabhog, Padmakeshari, Tulasiphoola are predominant in coastal belts, whereas just a few variety of conventional scented varieties like Pimpudibasa, Jubaraj, Karpurakranti, Badsabhog, Kalikati, Laxmibilas and Makarakanda are widespread within the plateau areas of the state.
“The scented rice varieties may give extra yield and extra revenue to the farmers however as a consequence of poor advertising services there’s misery sale of rice. Many of those varieties like Kalajeera could be grown in nearly all of the 30 districts of Odisha. Equally Jubaraj selection is superb conventional rice with exhausting gel consistency and highest kernel development, Kalabati could be very wealthy in anti-oxydant and may scale back stress. If the federal government helps to arrange Aroma Village and create seed banks for farmers then it could assist the agrarian financial system in an effective way,” Das identified.
Historically the quick grain fragrant rices are grown with farm yard manure (FYM) and hardly any fertilizer is used as a consequence of their tall peak, weak straw and lodging behavior. “Contemplating the decrease response of nitrogen it’s recommended to develop these indigenous fragrant rices organically which might fetch extra worth with much less value and thus improve the revenue margins of small and marginal farmers,” he identified.
Agriculture scientist S R Das, who has developed 52 mega rice varieties, and varieties developed by him are cultivated in 70 per cent of rice fields of Odisha whereas Pratikshya, one in every of his fashionable excessive yield rice selection is extensively cultivated by farmers in West Bengal and Chhattisgarh.
Das, who retired as professor in plant breeding and genetics from OUAT in 2011, is presently working as an honorary professor within the college. He additionally labored as visiting analysis fellow in Worldwide Rice Analysis Institute, Manila, Philippines.