Representatives from India and Australia met on June 10 to represent a Joint Working Group (JWG) to provoke dialogue on cyber safety cooperation. The JWG assembly initiated one of many motion factors from the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP) that the 2 nations had signed in June last year. The CSP is geared toward constructing a regionally coordinated response to COVID-19 and strengthening long-term bilateral cooperation in technological, regional, maritime, and financial sectors. Beneath the CSP, each nations had included the Framework Association on Cyber and Cyber-Enabled Vital Know-how Cooperation and a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation within the discipline of Mining and Processing of Vital and Strategic Minerals below the objective of enhancing science, know-how, and analysis collaboration. As each nations gear up for the upcoming Cyber Coverage Dialogue and the inaugural assembly of JWG on Data, Communication, and Know-how, this text outlines how this partnership can strengthen India’s cyber safety capabilities, enhance its affect in world Synthetic Intelligence (AI) governance regimes and improve its position in important mineral provide chains.
Cyber safety governance
The important energy infrastructure of Maharashtra in November 2020 was uncovered to a classy cyber-attack. Related assaults on the critical infrastructure, supposedly by China, have additionally severely impacted the Australian authorities and important companies together with hospitals. Such state-backed cyber-attacks have the potential of bringing nations to a standstill, thereby, making the duty of constructing collaborative technological options more and more necessary. As talked about in Australia’s Cyber Security Strategy 2020, the Australian authorities is searching for worldwide collaboration in holding cyber attackers accountable and constructing the capabilities of the companies concerned by means of worldwide partnerships. Australia and India could lead on efforts to construct a standard database with particulars of such state-backed cyber-attacks to establish patterns of assault, publicity, and vulnerabilities extra successfully. This database could be accessible to a closed group of consultants which might be a part of JWG from each nations to conduct patch administration workouts.
Australia and India could lead on efforts to construct a standard database with particulars of such state-backed cyber-attacks to establish patterns of assault, publicity, and vulnerabilities extra successfully. This database could be accessible to a closed group of consultants which might be a part of JWG from each nations to conduct patch administration workouts.
Australia launched their AI Ethics Framework in 2020 and India’s NITI Aayog launched Principles for Responsible AI early in 2021. Each nations should collaboratively assess the overlaps and inconsistencies between the proposed moral AI frameworks to construct concrete moral protocols for the event and deployment of great AI use instances for the 2 nations. Whereas there’s vital convergence within the values outlined inside the two frameworks like equity, transparency, explainability, and so forth, Australia’s framework has additionally proposed the “Precept of Contestability”. Constant requirements will facilitate minimising regulatory limitations like data asymmetry about moral benchmarks that have to be maintained, which can have impeded start-ups to broaden market entry prior to now. It’s going to additionally streamline the circulate of experience and information between each economies.
Consensus constructing on coverage dangers and priorities of sure use instances could be difficult for India and Australia as they aren’t on the identical stage of growth. This would possibly give rise to totally different motivations to implement sure AI use instances. As an illustration, Australia could wish to prioritise second or third order points like enhancing schooling outcomes utilizing AI whereas India would wish to prioritise bolstering digital connectivity for its residents. Stakeholders from academia, business, and civil society in each nations may help the Joint Working Group in figuring out precedence areas of AI use instances.
Consensus constructing on coverage dangers and priorities of sure use instances could be difficult for India and Australia as they aren’t on the identical stage of growth. This would possibly give rise to totally different motivations to implement sure AI use instances
As in comparison with extra superior economies, India and Australia are lagging within the AI adoption curve. Superior AI economies usually tend to have a larger say in figuring out the precedence use instances of AI for growth and required moral trade-offs. The profitable identification and implementation of moral requirements by each nations as a part of CSP will give them extra bargaining energy to drive discussions on accountable AI and information governance on the Global Partnership on AI discussion board. It might additionally assist in actualising their settlement on cooperating within the multilateral fora and set up a robust positioning amongst the worldwide AI leaders.
Increasing commerce in important minerals
The electrical automobile (EV) business is quickly growing in India. Several states inside India have launched or carried out insurance policies to bolster the EV business. Amongst the opposite uncooked supplies required for manufacturing EVs, Lithium-ion batteries are wanted for storing vitality. India was till very lately importing Lithium-ion batteries from China, Japan, and South Korea. Because of the latest clashes on the Galwan Valley, India imposed tariffs on China for Lithium imports.
India is now taking a look at Australia to import Lithium. At current, commerce flows between India and Australia will not be taking place on the optimum level. However Australia is planning to expand its market for exports in Lithium because it doesn’t want to be depending on China as a market. India and Australia have deliberate to signal an MoU on Cooperation within the discipline of Mining and Processing of Vital and Strategic Minerals as a part of the CSP. The partnership additionally offers a chance for each nations to interact in a bilateral Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) to broaden funding flows. Each nations had determined to interact in CECA earlier than as properly, however these discussions have been derailed in 2015 resulting from Australia’s resistance in making an announcement in opposition to China by brazenly extending commerce and funding help to India. CECA might be used as a chance to demand tax concessions on the procurement of processed parts as a constructive reinforcement for sustained funding in uncommon earth parts by the personal sector in India. A number of Indian companies have already invested vital capital in technical options in Australia lately.
After years of stalling efforts to construct a long-term partnership, India and Australia took the chance offered by the COVID-19 disaster and a commerce battle between China and the US to broaden cooperation throughout sectors. Adopting the above proposals to facilitate know-how cooperation in cybersecurity and AI governance together with increasing commerce in important minerals, Australia and India stand to guide by instance for strengthening regional cooperation inside the Indo-Pacific area.