Whereas Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Catch the Rain marketing campaign on Monday to mark World Water Day, the excellent news is that, over the previous 15 years, the MGNREGA programme has helped bolster water sufficiency and administration of precipitation in lots of villages as Down To Earth (DTE) journal experiences.
The agricultural employment assure Act was amended in 2014 to make sure that a minimum of 60% of the expenditure was on tasks that profit agriculture and allied actions; because of this, the agricultural improvement ministry had stated in 2019 that 75% of the actions within the record of permissible actions below MGNREGA “immediately enhance water safety and water conservation efforts”.
Within the final 15 years, DTE notes, 30 million water conservation-related works — that interprets to 50 works/village — have been undertaken via MGNREGA, making a water conservation potential of near 29,000 million cubic metres of water. For perspective, that’s almost 17% of the capability of the 123 reservoirs which can be monitored for storage by the Central Water Fee.
DTE experiences a number of advantages from MGNREGA water tasks for villagers in 16 villages in 15 districts throughout India. Whereas Bandlapalli in Ananthapuramu district of Andhra Pradesh — the primary village in India the place MGNREGA was applied — noticed recurring drought and large-scale migration in 2006, in 2021, it has 900-plus water harvesting constructions.
The water-harvesting capability helped it turn out to be drought-proof; in 2018-19, when the district reported the bottom rainfall in a century, the village was not impacted. Water harvesting has additionally helped many villagers to transition into cultivation of money crops and dairy farming, and has induced a big discount in migration. Equally, Barmani in Madhya Pradesh’s Sidhi district, DTE experiences, was just about deserted due to misery migration in 2006, however by 2021, it had 7 huge ponds and 39 wells that had perennial water availability.
Whereas MGNREGA helped Pookkottukavu in Kerala go from being a water-scarce village to seeing dying water streams be revived —the village can also be residence to the nation’s largest group of ladies well-diggers —residents of Himmatpura in Uttar Pradesh noticed incomes rise by 10 occasions, with dependence on rains for agriculture decreased. The testimonies of the villages coated within the DTE report all communicate of improved water and livelihood safety due to the MGNREGA work executed.
Learn towards the DTE testimonies, MGNREGA — which noticed allocation fall in Funds FY22 (at Rs 73,000 crore, it was nearly a 3rd decrease than the revised estimate for FY21, at Rs 1.1 lakh crore) — assumes new significance so far as India’s planning on creating local weather resilience goes.