Involved over large-scale felling of bushes because of growth of highways in Odisha, the state forest division is predicted to counsel to the nationwide freeway authorities that they go in for translocation of bushes as an alternative of reducing them down.
Odisha principal chief conservator of forests Sisir Ratho mentioned the forest division would quickly request the NHAI to contemplate translocation of bushes, which may survive throughout transportation, as an alternative of felling them. Timber like Banyan, Peepal and Ashok may be saved by way of translocation. If the approach succeeds in saving bushes alongside the highways, it may be carried out in cities and different areas at a later stage,” Ratho mentioned.
Earlier this 12 months, Odisha forest and setting minister Bikram Keshari Arukh informed the state meeting that 18.5 million bushes had been reduce between 2010 and 2020 for widening of nationwide highways such because the Sambalpur-Chhatisgarh part of NH-6, four-laning of Bhubaneswar-Puri street, Panikoili-Remuli part and Remuli Rajamunda part. Nonetheless, nearly 2.98 million bushes had been planted rather than the felled bushes, nearly 16 per cent of the bushes that had been reduce down. Extra tree felling is on the playing cards after Union minister of Street Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari in February this 12 months accredited 3 six-lane initiatives within the state.
Earlier, environmentalists within the state had expressed concern over felling of 1,720 full-grown and previous bushes of various species for the widening of a 40 kilometre stretch of the Nationwide Freeway 59 in Ganjam district. The ₹126-crore challenge is aimed toward widening the street to 12 metres from 7 metres between Ratanpur close to Berhampur metropolis and Mundamarai close to Aska.
Venture director of NHAI in Odisha, Ramprasad Panda mentioned although the company has not carried out any translocation of grown bushes throughout freeway growth within the state, it will attempt to do it. “However there are a number of points as not all bushes may be relocated. We don’t have the experience. It must be carried out by OFDC or some forest company. Moreover, very previous bushes can’t be relocated. One other problem is getting the required house for planting of the identical after relocation. However we’d positively strive for relocation of bushes as a lot as attainable,” Panda mentioned.
Badri Lal Chaudhary, a botanist from Rajasthan who has reportedly moved greater than 10,000 bushes throughout the nation and outdoors over final 18 years mentioned there’s want for tree relocation because of the declining inexperienced cowl.
“As cities are quickly shedding forest cowl, we have now to take steps to save lots of each full-grown tree. Peepal and Banyan bushes ought to be saved as they’ve sentimental worth. Translocation can take a day to per week relying on the species and bodily situations like local weather, temperature, soil situations need to be accounted for earlier than translocation,” he mentioned.
Just lately, the Central Public Works Division in Delhi had proposed to transplant over 1,800 bushes contained in the Indira Gandhi Nationwide Centre for the Arts advanced, as a part of the Central Vista redevelopment challenge.
Nonetheless, Odisha-based environmentalist Biswajit Mohanty mentioned translocation just isn’t a possible thought as not each tree may be replanted. “A tree can’t be transplanted simply by merely uprooting it and putting it in a pit some place else. The method entails a number of steps and requires vital experience. The whole value of transplanting any tree relies on its age, weight and distance to be shifted. The older a tree is, bigger is its weight and more durable is it to deal with its root anatomy. Any tree which is older than 20 years is troublesome to translocate. The translocation must be carried out not very removed from the place the place it initially grew. Because the survival of transplanted bushes is round 10 per cent, we have now been suggesting that earlier than growth of nationwide highways, let the officers first plant bushes simply across the place the place the expanded challenge will finish. This ought to be carried out not less than 3 years earlier than the precise work occurs. If these planted bushes survive, then the authorities can reduce down the present bushes for growth,” mentioned Mohanty.
Mumbai-based naturalist Shardul Bajikar additionally expressed doubts whether or not tree transplantation can work in India. “It’s a very delicate course of and I don’t know if correct procedures are adopted in India. Numerous precautions should be taken after tree transplantation. The survival charge of bushes which might be transplanted in India is nicely beneath 10 per cent,” he mentioned.