The SDG Index and Dashboard introduced out by the NITI Aayog additionally gauged India’s preparedness for disasters, its saving of carbon dioxide, its share of renewable power and fatalities on account of excessive climate
Odisha and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands had been essentially the most ready amongst India’s states and Union territories (UTs) to achieve the United Nations-mandated Sustainable Improvement Aim (SDG) on Local weather Motion, the SDG India Index & Dashboard 2020-21 has confirmed.
States and UTs had been ranked on the premise of 5 nationwide degree indicators. These seize two out of the 5 SDG targets for 2030 outlined underneath the local weather motion SDG or Aim 13.
Additionally they cowl one SDG goal every from Targets 3, 7 and 11 — Good Well being and Effectively Being, Entry to Power and Sustainable Cities and Communities.
The scores for states ranged between 16 and 70 and between 18 and 77 for UTs.
Six states and three UTs bagged a place within the class of entrance runners (rating vary between 65 and 99, together with each). Nonetheless, 10 states and two UTs fell behind within the aspirants class (with Index scores lower than 50).
The 5 nationwide degree indicators had been:
- Variety of human lives misplaced per 10 million inhabitants on account of excessive climate occasions
- Catastrophe preparedness rating as per Catastrophe Resilience Index
- Share of renewable power out of complete put in producing capability (together with allotted shares)
- CO2 saved from LED bulbs per 1,000 inhabitants (Tonnes)
- Incapacity Adjusted Life Years (DALY) fee attributable to air air pollution (per 100,000 inhabitants)
Highlights of the Index
The index additionally discovered that 15 lives had been misplaced in India on account of excessive climate occasions in 2018-2019 per 10 million individuals. The overall variety of deaths on account of excessive climate occasions in that yr was 2,045.
Kerala misplaced 477 individuals, the very best within the nation whereas Himachal Pradesh misplaced the second-highest variety of lives at 343.
Maharashtra and Gujarat had been essentially the most ready to cope with disasters, the index confirmed. However, Jharkhand was the least ready.
The states had been ranked on a scale of 0-50. Maharashtra had a rating of 27.5, adopted by Gujarat with 27. Jharkhand had the bottom rating of seven.5.
As of 2020, 36.37 per cent of India’s complete electrical energy era was from renewable power, the index confirmed. This included 90.4 gigawatt (GW) power from renewable power sources and 45.7 GW energy generated from giant hydropower initiatives.
Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra lead the nation within the era of energy from renewable power with manufacturing capacities of 18.9 GW, 17 GW and 13.2 GW, respectively.
At 2.5 GW, Jammu and Kashmir leads the UTs within the era of renewable energy. By way of the share of renewable energy as a proportion of the entire electrical energy generated, Himachal Pradesh leads the nation.
Some 94 per cent of the entire electrical energy generated in Himachal Pradesh is from renewable sources, carefully adopted by Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh at 84.8 per cent every.
Lakshadweep is the one state or UT that generates all its electrical energy from renewable sources. At 1.1 per cent share, Goa has the least share of renewable power out of the entire electrical energy consumed.
On a median, India saved round 38.6 MtCO2 or million tonnes carbon equal by December 2020 by switching to LED bulbs. Among the many states, Odisha saved the very best quantity of CO2 (5.5 MtCO2) adopted by Gujarat (4.4 MtCO2) and Uttar Pradesh (2.8 MtCO2). Among the many UTs, Delhi saved essentially the most 1.4 (MtCO2).
The Incapacity Adjusted Life Years (DALY) fee attributable to air air pollution (per 100,000 inhabitants) on the India degree was 3,469, the index mentioned.
Essentially the most affected state was Rajasthan with a DALY fee of 4,528, whereas the least affected state was Nagaland with a DALY fee of 1,408.
The SDG India Index & Dashboard 2020-21 was launched by the NITI Aayog June 3, 2021.
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