Even because the Odisha authorities has been going gaga over its much-touted token-based e-procurement of paddy, the shocker is marginal farmers are getting pushed out of the procurement system within the State. The proportion of marginal farmers availing the MSP in State has been shrunk by a large 15 per cent in 2020-21.
As per the newest knowledge accessible (as much as Jan 1, 2021) with the Fee of Agriculture Price and Costs (CACP), Odisha might procure solely 7.3 per cent of the entire paddy procured from farmland dimension of beneath 2.5 acres, when it was 16.4 per cent of the entire in 2019-20.
The State’s marginal farmers personal almost 74.74 per cent of landholdings however might contribute a mere round 16.4 per cent of paddy procurement in 2019-20 and solely 7.3 per cent until Jan1, 2021; Medium and huge farmers in State personal round 1.13 per cent farmland however contributed 16.5 per cent of complete paddy
Procurement, Politics And Farmers
Even because the State is drumming up the truth that Odisha has witnessed a document procurement within the Kharif Advertising Season (KMS) of 2020-21, the opposite facet of the story is State has, certainly, witnessed one of many intense protests by farmer organisations and political events final 12 months.
The farmer organisations lambasted the State authorities over what they name the perils of the centralised token system launched to promote paddy at authorities buy centres because the 12 months 2019. The difficulty had even rocked the State Meeting final 12 months with the suicide drama by BJP MLA on the ground of the home hogging the nationwide headlines then.
“This centralised token system is completely in opposition to the curiosity of farmers. Many are getting the token very late, for which they’re unable to promote their produces,” charged Akshay Kumar, farmer chief and head of Navanirman Krushak Sangha,
Is The Procurement For Wealthy Farmers?
The State’s marginal farmers personal almost 74.74 per cent of landholdings however might contribute a mere round 16.4 per cent of paddy procurement in 2019-20 and solely 7.3 per cent until Jan1, 2021. In 2017-18, the procurement proportion for the marginal farmers was round 18 per cent.
A look down the years pops up the truth that the paddy procurement from farmlands of beneath 2.5 acres had been 18 per cent in 2017-18.
The falling numbers inform a story. It clearly reveals a constant fall in procurement over time from the marginal farmers within the State, which nails the very fact of marginal farmers being pushed out of Odisha’s procurement system.
Pattern The Distinction
The next numbers give a twist to the story. The medium and huge farmers in State personal round 1.13 per cent of farmland however have contributed 16.5 per cent of the entire paddy procurement within the State until Jan 1, 2021, which is sort of 1.4 per cent up from the 12 months 2019-20.
The CACP knowledge over time reveals a dip in procurement from marginal farmers however an increase for the well-off farmers within the State, when the MSP is primarily geared toward giving value safety to poor farmers (marginal farmers).
CACP Knowledge Reveals Extra
The most recent knowledge of beneficiaries additionally present a pointy fall within the class of marginal farmers. When within the 12 months 2019-20, marginal farmers constituted round 36.7 per cent of complete farmers participated in procurement, the quantity dropped to 21 per cent until Jan 1, 2021, of the KMS 2020-21.
That is the one class of farmers which have recorded a drop within the State. and Odisha is the one main rice-producing State to document such a pointy decline within the nation.
The Limiting Components
Whereas farmer leaders put the blame on Authorities’s token system for procurement, the CACP traces the basis trigger as the dearth of sufficient procurement centres within the State.
“Owing to no procurement centres in villages, lack of market entry coupled with excessive transportation price thereof when transported to close by procurement centres collectively have dissuaded the small and marginal farmers from availing the MSP in Odisha,” the report noticed.
Outlining the opposite limiting elements, the report detailed the explanations like subsistence farming, lack of understanding about MSP, FAQ as the opposite believable causes behind poor procurement from poor and marginal farmers in Odisha.
The Fee Issue
As per a current NITI Aayog analysis report on the MSP, the delay in fee to farmers dissuade the marginal farmers to go for misery sale within the open market. They achieve this as they get the value of the produces on the spot, even it’s beneath MSP.
“Since small and marginal farmers want fast money to maintain household bills, debt on farm loans, and so on., they go in for open market promoting even whether it is beneath the MSP,” the report noticed.
Furthermore, the NITI Aayog analysis report reveals one other blooper. It says almost 40-45 per cent of farmers in Odisha aren’t conscious of the MSP.
Shedding a poor gentle on agri extension providers in Odisha, the report notes that just about two-thirds of farmers within the State be taught in regards to the MSP from educated individuals vis-a-vis a mere one-fifth from State Authorities officers.