Islamabad, Pakistan – India and Pakistan ought to “chorus” from taking steps that may alter the standing of the disputed territory of Kashmir, the president of the United Nations Common Meeting (UNGA) has stated, as the 2 nations as soon as once more traded accusations over the Himalayan area this week.
UNGA president Volkan Bozkir was talking at a joint information convention with Pakistan’s Overseas Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi within the Pakistani capital Islamabad on Thursday, as he accomplished a three-day go to to the Muslim-majority nation.
“Each events, all events, should chorus from taking steps that might have an effect on the standing of Jammu and Kashmir,” stated Bozkir, a former Turkish diplomat and politician who assumed workplace in September.
“That is I believe the crucial a part of how we take a look at the case.”
India and Pakistan have fought two of their three full-scale wars since gaining independence in 1947 over Kashmir, which each declare in full however administer separate parts of.
In August 2019, India revoked a particular constitutional standing accorded to Indian-administered Kashmir in a transfer Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated was aimed toward rising growth and bringing the territory into the nation’s administrative mainstream.
Pakistan opposed the transfer, accusing India of making an attempt to soak up the territory with out bilateral decision of the continuing dispute.
It has additionally accused India of making an attempt to alter the demographics of the Muslim-majority territory by way of a brand new domicile legislation, which was handed by Modi’s authorities final yr.
Bozkir didn’t elaborate on whether or not his assertion was in reference to the 2019 and 2020 actions by the Indian authorities.
“I have to additionally reiterate that the United Nations’ place on Jammu and Kashmir is ruled by the United Nations constitution, and relevant Safety Council resolutions,” he stated.
“India and Pakistan’s Simla Settlement of 1972 which says that the ultimate standing of Jammu and Kashmir is to be settled by peaceable means in accordance with the UN Constitution.”
Bozkir urged Pakistan to lift the difficulty of Kashmir on the UN “extra strongly” and stated a particular session may very well be held on the difficulty if sufficient nations petitioned for it.
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On Thursday, Pakistan’s international ministry issued a rebuttal to feedback made by India’s Overseas Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar a day earlier, whereby he accused Islamabad of permitting “infiltration” of pro-independence fighters into Indian-administered Kashmir from the Pakistani portion of the territory.
“The rationale for firing [at the de facto border that divides the territory] is infiltration, so if there is no such thing as a infiltration there’s clearly no motive to fireplace,” stated Jaishankar at a seminar hosted by the Hoover Establishment in the USA.
Jaishankar additionally referred to “cross-border terrorism” as being one of many points between the 2 nations.
Pakistan’s international ministry “categorically rejected” Jaishankar’s accusations in its assertion on Thursday.
“The spokesperson categorically rejected the allegations of any cross-border infiltration and said that peace and safety within the area was threatened on account of India’s brutalisation of Kashmiri folks and refusal to resolve the Jammu and Kashmir dispute in accordance with the United Nations Safety Council Resolutions, its personal pledges to the worldwide group and the Kashmiris,” stated the assertion.
Ties between India and Pakistan have been just about frozen since a February 2019 assault on an Indian safety forces convoy within the Indian-administered Kashmir city of Pulwama, which killed greater than 40 folks. India blamed a Pakistan-based armed group for the assault.
The following standoff noticed India bomb Pakistani territory, with the Pakistani military conducting retaliatory air assaults on Indian-administered Kashmir.
Tensions cooled after the pilot of an Indian fighter jet which was shot down by Pakistan’s air drive was returned to India, however formal ties remained cool.
In February, in a surprise announcement, the militaries of each nations reaffirmed their dedication to a 2003 ceasefire settlement on the Line of Management, which divides Indian-administered and Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
Since then, a number of senior Pakistani officers, together with the nation’s highly effective military chief, have stated Pakistan is looking for to resolve all excellent bilateral disputes with its neighbours by way of dialogue.
In April, senior Pakistani sources outlined several specific steps the nation expects from India if bilateral dialogue is to renew.
In India, nevertheless, the tone of public statements by officers on the query of bilateral talks has been cooler.
“I believe it’s essential proper now if there’s pondering alongside the traces that there must be a greater relationship with India,” Jaishankar stated on Wednesday.
“On our facet there was readability of pondering, and the readability of pondering is that we can not settle for terrorism, or we can not settle for that it’s in any means authentic as diplomacy or as some other facet of statecraft. So allow us to see, the place this progresses.
“Clearly all people hopes for the perfect.”
Asad Hashim is Al Jazeera’s digital correspondent in Pakistan. He tweets @AsadHashim.