The defence ministry’s second arms embargo listing — or the ‘second optimistic indigenization listing’ as it’s now known as — consists of only some fully-formed weapon programs, platforms and sensors.
These embody next-generation corvettes, single-engine mild helicopters, AEW&C (airborne early warning and management) programs, medium-power radars for mountains, land-based MRSAM (medium-range surface-to-air missile) programs, mini fixed-wing UAVs, battlefield surveillance radars, anti-material rifles and infantry mine-protected fight autos.
The majority of the listing, nevertheless, consists of sub-systems, peripherals, equipment and a few kinds of ammunition. They vary from steering gear for warships, thermal imaging sights for small arms and hearth detection-suppression programs for tanks to air-con crops for submarines, high-altitude water-purification programs and drop-tanks for Jaguar and Mirage-2000 fighters.
Very similar to the primary listing, which in August final 12 months banned imports of 101 gadgets within the 2020-2025 timeframe, the second additionally consists of many merchandise which are already being produced or are within the R&D or trials part in India. This, in impact, negates the necessity to import them.
The MoD itself acknowledged, “The second listing lays particular concentrate on weapons/programs that are at the moment beneath improvement/trials and are prone to translate into agency orders sooner or later. Like the primary listing, import substitution of ammunition which is a recurring requirement has been given particular focus.”
Take, as an example, the land-based MRSAM (medium-range surface-to-air missile) programs, that are designed to destroy hostile plane, missiles and drones, within the second listing. A joint Israel Aerospace Industries-DRDO mission has been underway for some years to supply such programs for the Army at an preliminary value of Rs 16,830 crore after comparable initiatives for Navy and IAF.
Equally, a Rs 10,990 crore DRDO mission to construct six superior AEW&C plane, which act as “eyes within the sky”, for the IAF bought the preliminary nod in December final 12 months. The DRDO had earlier constructed three `Netra’ AEW&C plane.
“The armed forces additionally are not looking for single-engine mild helicopters for security causes any longer. The Navy, in flip, has no plans to import next-generation corvettes as a result of nearly all its warships at the moment are in-built India. The listing appears to be extra of a beauty train,” mentioned an officer.
The MoD, nevertheless, contended the listing not solely “acknowledges the potential of the native defence business”, however may also “invigorate impetus” to home R&D by attracting recent funding into know-how and manufacturing capabilities.
The notification of the second listing, accepted by defence minister Rajnath Singh, “will give additional increase to indigenization, with energetic participation of private and non-private sector for fulfilling the dual aims of attaining self-reliance and selling defence exports”.
Jayant D Patil, president of the Society of Indian Defence Producers (SIDM), in flip, mentioned, “The second listing is one other testomony of the boldness positioned by the federal government and the armed forces on the business to ship cutting-edge defence know-how for India’s safety necessities.”