Harvesting forest merchandise from April to Could, and shortage of fodder and water for animals, are amongst chief causes
Human deaths improve over human-elephant encounters in Odisha through the summer time, environmental stress group Wildlife Society of Orissa (WSO) mentioned right here on Thursday.
WSO analysed knowledge on people trampled by elephants and the incidents of encounters between villagers and elephants in Odisha up to now 4 years.
“Encounters with elephants see a pointy rise through the summer time as elephants feed primarily on fruits because of the scarcity of fodder and water within the forests,” mentioned WSO’s Biswajit Mohanty.
The WSO says 527 individuals died and 442 sustained injures in elephant assaults from April 2017 to April 2021. Of them, 117 (22-23%) deaths befell within the months of April, Could and June.
“This occurs as a result of folks and elephants come nose to nose continuously when Non Timber Forest Merchandise (NTFP) like mahua, mango, jackfruit, bael fruit, kaitha (wooden apple) and cashew are harvested,” mentioned Biswajit Mohanty of WSO.
With elephants discovered near orchards and fruiting timber, they turn out to be a continuing menace to people who enterprise near them, says WSO examine.
“That is additionally the time when kendu leaves are collected by lakhs of tribal girls for his or her livelihood. Throughout summer time, elephants additionally raid villages for saved meals grains and liquor,” the examine finds.
Alleging that Odisha’s Forest Division had accomplished treasured little to include the rise in human-elephant battle, Mr. Mohanty mentioned, “The alarming casualty figures, particularly throughout summer time, reveals that Odisha’s management over human-elephant battle is dismal although crores of rupees are being spent on mitigation measures.”
The WSO has sought intervention from the Centre’s Undertaking Elephant to scale back human deaths. It has additionally requested the wildlife wing of the State Forest Division to watch the attention drives in excessive battle divisions reminiscent of Angul, Dhenkanal, Athagarh, Rairakhol, Sambalpur, Athamalik, Keonjhar and Deogarh.
“Deadly encounters with elephants throughout summer time could be simply diminished if locals are cautioned and sure steps are taken. Such repeated human kills can result in panic reactions and animosity in direction of elephants. Irate crowds can also react violently to the elephants in addition to division workers, and resort to public agitation,” Mr. Mohanty identified.