Chawla’s remarks got here at a conclave at Air Force Station Yelahanka celebrating the golden jubilee of the 1971 India-Pakistan battle victory.
Quoting “declassified” paperwork that he stated have been sufficient to indicate this, Chawla stated: “The considering began actively after the 1965 battle, of how one can separate East Pakistan from West. The principal purpose was ISI’s interference in northeast insurgencies, significantly arming and coaching of Naga rebels within the Chittagong hill tracts. We used these classes after we educated the Mukthi Bahini.”
Nevertheless, he stated, India was weak then as Congress had cut up and Indira Gandhi had barely held on to turn out to be prime minister. “She was referred to as ‘Goongi Gudia’ by the opposition, which didn’t anticipate her to final lengthy,” he stated, including that in Pakistan Yahya Khan had taken over from Tikka Khan in 1969.
“He (Yahya) truly began this complete story by dissolving the “one unit geopolitical programme” of 1954, by which complete Pakistan was thought-about one wing to offset the inhabitants superiority of East Pakistan, and referred to as for elections in 1970,” Chawla stated.
Mentioning that the 1970 elections have been the primary one-person, one-vote elections in Pakistan, he stated Indira Gandhi referred to as for elections one-and-a-half years forward of the scheduled February 1971 polls.
“Yahya was very firmly entrenched and Gandhi was on a weak wicket. It all of the sudden modified in December 1970 when Sheikh Mujibur Rahman received 160 seats in East Pakistan and Bhutto solely 81 in West Pakistan. Rahman was the pure successor to the prime ministership,” he stated.
Stating that the considering in 1965 was nascent, Chawla inferred that the January 30, 1971 hijacking of an Indian Airways plane to Lahore by Kashmiri separatists could have been a set off.
“The federal government of India stopped overflight services, stopping them from rearming in East Pakistan. They needed to fly over Colombo, which was tough and costly. Additionally, Rahman profitable elections and never being allowed to be PM began unravelling the entire plot. In March, as soon as Rahman declared independence, India entered the battle in April 1971,” Chawla stated.
He added that the excellent Indian response included clandestine operations to sabotage transport in East Pakistan. “It was not simply inter-service collaboration, it was your entire authorities strategy below astute management. On March 7, Indira Gandhi received a landslide victory that strengthened her place. A number of issues fell into place and he or she got here to be referred to as the ‘Durga of India’,” he stated.
“Whereas we go over particular person battles, a very powerful factor is the immutable rules of battle, which just about completely adopted in 1971. Whether or not that is being completed in the present day or not is for us to guage, however the adversaries are totally different. Warfare is totally different and know-how has modified the whole lot. We have to look forward and do not forget that adversaries, the geopolitical scenario, and know-how are evolving at an ever quicker tempo,” he stated.