The Seventies was an period when India, a rustic rebuilding itself after a long time of colonial rule, stepped into the sector of technological developments. India entered the area age by launching its first satellite tv for pc Aryabhata. Whereas the US and different international locations within the west had already skilled the wonders of the tv, it was in 1970, that 2,400 black-and-white group TV units got here alive in India for the primary time — a lot earlier than tv reached Indian cities. This may be the start of many extra technological developments to come back.
Know-how has progressed at an astounding price from the times once I bought my first computer systems, the very best of which solely had eight megabytes of reminiscence. Nevertheless, the outstanding expertise and functions that we now have at our fingertips at the moment weren’t developed instantaneously, moderately, they had been achieved by way of distinct technological milestones of ingenuity. To really perceive the affect expertise can have on humankind within the subsequent 50 years, it’s necessary to understand the improvements that modified our lives endlessly together with the hazards which have emerged over the past half-century.
70s: Built-in circuits are born
One of many coolest applied sciences that emerged, for my part, is built-in circuits. The time saved on manually designing circuit boards revolutionised the electronics business. It laid the muse for gadgets resembling computer systems, cellphones and different home equipment. These chips will go on to grow to be extra highly effective as they combine with the web of issues.
80s: Standardisation of software program + rise of hackers
Each organisation had its personal working system that supported chosen functions till the arrival of Unix. Extra organisations began adopting Unix due to its portability and common software. The cheap and interactive use of the Unix system remodeled the way in which software program engineers thought of programming.
It’s additionally round this era that the hacking group began tinkering with working methods. Again then, the time period “hacker” was connected to laptop consultants who pushed laptop methods past identified limits. Someplace alongside the way in which, a brand new breed of hackers involved with private acquire (what we all know at the moment as cybercriminals) emerged.
90s: The omnipresent World Broad Internet
The arrival of the web is likely one of the most profound adjustments of the century. The browser mixed with numerous net protocols introduced the world nearer by giving us the means to speak with folks by way of electronic mail and chat providers. Driving on the coattails of technological success within the 80s and 90s, cybercriminal exercise began to realize traction. Dangerous actors had been stealing proprietary software program from organisations, launching the first laptop worm and main the first digital financial institution heist.
00s: Rise of social media and smartphones, cloud turns into mainstream
Keep in mind Orkut? Launched in 2004, the platform had round 18 million customers within the nation. Orkut turned India’s main social media platform till the rise of Fb started in 2010. Social media not solely enabled folks to attach with each other however inserted itself into politics, the office and residential and continues to evolve at lightning pace. Varied social media channels will grow to be havens for cybercriminal exercise resembling pedalling faux remedy, information and guarantees of getting wealthy by way of money flipping.
It’s additionally round this time that cloud computing began to take off after former Google CEO, Eric Schmidt, launched the time period at a convention in 2006. Two phrases come to thoughts once I take into consideration cloud – accessibility and scale. In the identical method companies had been utilizing the cloud to run functions, cybercriminals had been additionally busy leveraging cloud platforms to launch distributed denial of service assaults (DDoS). In March 2008, India’s Ministry of Exterior Affairs’ web site was breached and information associated to Indian diplomats and prime secret info was believed to be stolen.
Smartphones really made their mark on the world when Steve Jobs revealed the iPhone at MacWorld in 2007. Not like earlier cell telephones which relied on keypads and a watered-down model of the web, the iPhone turned private computer systems into pocket-sized gadgets. A lot of our lives at the moment are navigated by way of smartphones and cybercriminals know this. Therefore, these gadgets have grow to be a gateway for cybercriminals to steal private credentials and meander into cloud accounts.
2010 – now: A decade of disruption
The final 10 years have seen expertise disrupt the music, journey, transport, meals industries and extra. Within the course of, using expertise has been made easy for anybody who can adapt to the change. The Web of Issues (Iot) is making life at residence simpler with good assistants whereas on an industrial stage, larger convergence between IT and operational methods kind. However this decade of connectivity has additionally been rife with cyberattacks – expensive information breaches, nation-state cyber-espionage operations, financially motivated cybercrime and damaging malware that crippled methods.
2020 – 2070 and past: Know-how to unravel human-centric points
As you possibly can see, the final 5 a long time have been in regards to the emergence of latest technological schools every flexing its muscle tissues and leaving a mark on society. Nevertheless, looking back, the very applied sciences that helped us advance additionally left us susceptible as a result of cybersecurity was both lacking or an afterthought. If we’re to actually prosper in a technology-driven world, securing the digital infrastructure that underpins our society wants to take a seat on the core of each innovation. If we are able to collectively work in the direction of a better baseline of cybersecurity maturity, I consider the subsequent 5 a long time might be about bringing all of those applied sciences collectively to unravel larger societal issues.
Equal Entry to Know-how
As many as 26 million Indians are estimated to have disabilities: making certain each citizen has equal entry to the expertise that underpins our society have to be a prime precedence. My hope is that new improvements might be developed with a larger number of verbal and visible controls so that individuals with disabilities can work together with, profit from and luxuriate in digitised providers. We’ve got the ability to harness expertise to foster inclusivity and make our world safer and friendlier for everybody. We should rise to this problem.
Shoppers to dictate phrases of entry and management
Information will proceed to be a useful forex. Nevertheless, I consider customers are going to have extra management over the kind of info they permit organisations to entry and, because of this, there might be elevated stress on organisations to be clear about how client information is gleaned. This additionally implies that strong authorized methods might be in place to take care of privateness points and to make sure that unscrupulous information use doesn’t grow to be a norm.
Know-how to unravel world points
Throughout every decade of technological development, I’ve witnessed, our prosperity as a species has improved dramatically. Nevertheless, it’s additionally clear that whereas a lot of our lives have improved due to expertise, practically all different elements of the pure world have deteriorated. Not all impacts of expertise are constructive. Local weather change, problems with carbon emissions and sustainability are important issues for each this technology and the generations to observe. While this might sound grim, a brand new ethos of expertise that considers the surroundings is underway, and the unfavorable impacts of expertise can no less than be partially lessened with constructive, considerate ingenuity.
Sustainably producing renewable vitality sources is likely one of the simplest methods to cut back our carbon footprint and, finally, assist save the surroundings. I hope that by 2070 harnessing renewable types of vitality — solar, wind and tides — will grow to be considerably inexpensive and extra accessible to customers in all places. Sustainability is relevant to an unlimited array of industries, from photo voltaic panels powering the world’s largest buildings, all the way down to the utilization of sensors on our faucet. That is solely a glimpse of what we now have achieved with human innovation; think about the chances as soon as the advantages of synthetic intelligence are totally realised. Hopefully, in that point, artificial meals will also be produced with out impacting the surroundings each on a person and world scale. My hope is that the subsequent period of expertise might be one in every of conscientious development.
Innovation comes with accountability
I’m stuffed with cautious optimism once I take into consideration the world my grandchildren and their youngsters will expertise within the years to come back. People are the species most in a position to adapt to alter; that is very a lot mirrored within the technological developments of the final 50 years.
Nevertheless, as expertise progresses, so too does the strategies of those who search to take advantage of it. Our leaps and bounds should due to this fact be thoughtfully guided by the concerns for the security and safety of our shared planet. Our power as a species lies in our means to adapt, and adapt we should. It’s as much as us, and us alone, to form our future for the higher.
The writer is Gary Jackson, Vice President for Asia-Pacific, Tenable