The United Nations Academic and Scientific and Cultural Group (UNESCO) has recognised the historic Ramappa temple of the Mulugu district of Telangana as a world heritage website.
Three historic buildings from Telangana, Qila Warangal, the Thousand Pillars and the Ramappa temple had been within the contest and at last, UNESCO included the Ramappa temple within the last listing.
The Ramappa temple was constructed by the Kakatiya King Ganapatideva Chakravarthy’s sub-ruler Recherla Rudrayya within the 12 months 1213 AD. Historical past says the Seuna Sena dynasty king Jaitugi defeated Ganapatideva and imprisoned him. King Rudrayya fought with Jaitugi and freed Ganapatideva. For Rudrayya’s assist, Ganapatideva needed to provide a valuable Ramappa temple.
The works of the temple, during which the Ramalingeswaram (Shivalingam) is enshrined, started in 1173 AD and had been accomplished 40 years later in 1213 AD.
The great thing about life-affirming sculptures and sounding sculptures is anticipated to draw folks.
Skinny threaded holes between the stone pillars replicate the richness of the structure of Kakatiya Kings. Whilst the complete temple is darkish in color, the Ramalingeswara within the inside temple illuminates.
Lovely sculptures are depicting Shivatandavam, Sivakalyanam dance varieties, Ramayana and Mahabharata.
The temple is surrounded by 12 Madanikas, Nagini and Koyastri sculptures in varied poses. A number of the statues symbolise the precedence of ladies within the Kakatiya dynasty and in addition their ornaments.
The technical mastery of the Kakatiyas could be understood by the rainwater drainage system that was arrange across the temple.
The Nandi idol faces the sanctum, the Kameshwara temple on the best and the Kateshwara temple on the left.
Elephants had been largely used for his or her development. The temple was the home for a lot of cultural, inventive and social occasions. The sculptures additionally inform the necessary occasions of the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Ksheera Sagara Mathanam, and the Sivaparvati kalyanam. It additionally options dance and martial arts.
The Perini Shivatandava had been the primary topics of the sculptures within the temple.
The Ramappa Lake, which is a brief distance from the temple, is all the time full of water. The lake was constructed with sluices and a levee between the 2 mounds. It has a storage capability of two,912 TMC and a water stage of 35 toes. The pond is 610-meters lengthy. Farmers domesticate two crops a 12 months on about 10,000 acres with two sluices. That is nonetheless the primary pond within the space.
All of the Kakatiya temple buildings are in star type and the Ramappa temple can be in the identical form.
The sanctum sanctorum and the maha mandapam have entry on three sides. Typically, the temple is dominated by idols of God. However the Ramappa temple was constructed not solely as a temple additionally reflection of tradition, traditions, mythology and historical past.
One other main attraction of the temple is the Nandi idol. Reverse the sanctum sanctorum, Nandi appears to be like prefer to be ready for Lord Shiva’s command.
The 800-old Ramappa temple continues to be intact in the present day as a result of the temple was constructed in sandbox expertise.
A 3-meter-deep basis is dug on the temple development website and full of sand. Take care to maintain it all the time moist. The temple was constructed by stacking stones on the sand.
“I could be an enemy to anybody. However not this temple. Don’t destroy it,” Recherla Rudrayya, builder of the temple talked about in an inscription.
The temple is fabricated from stone. However the Sanctorum was constructed of light-weight brick to cut back the load on the temple based on the character of the soil. These bricks float in water and are smaller than those used in the present day. Nowhere within the nation have such bricks had been used and the way these had been made continues to be a thriller.
The Shivalingam is seen even with out electrical lights within the Sanctorum. The mahamandapana in entrance of the Sanctorum has 4 giant black stone pillars. The lingam appears to be like brighter because the outer gentle falls on it.
Three colored stones had been utilized in many locations within the temple. Crimson and white blended colored stones are additionally present in some locations.
Contained in the temple, the mahamandapam and a number of the sculptures are made solely of black stone whereas the surface of the temple makes use of purple and white stones.
In some locations, footage of Egyptian and Persian folks could be seen. It’s identified that that they had relations with foreigners through the Kakatiya interval. There are additionally some sculptures of Jains and Buddhists.
Music could be heard by touching the sculpture of Lord Krishna sitting on a tree throughout Gopika’s vastrapaharanam and in addition a sculpture has solely 4 legs for 3 folks. However seem to have completely different legs.